Extinction

Rainbow trout live in the coldest part of the river. As river levels drop the water heats and the trout have to go lower and lower looking for their ideal temperature of about 12 degrees Celsius.

Large trout, the older and wiser, push the young ones out of the cooler spot. There just isn't enough space for them all. The older trout are going to make sure they get to their 11-year lifetime.
Experts agree there are three things that we must do to fight climate change. The first is to use less fossil fuel. Second, we have to deal with the carbon we have. And we must slow global population growth. That's the tough one.

The older trout have the same issues that we have. The river is dividing into the haves and have-nots. There's not enough cool water for everybody, and whats left is running out.
Carrying capacity refers to the maximum abundance of a species that can be sustained within a given habitat. When an ideal population is at equilibrium with the carrying capacity of its environment, the birth and death rates are equal, and size of the population does not change. Populations larger than the carrying capacity are not sustainable, and will degrade their habitat.

Chart of extinction events that wiped out most life on Earth.
Source:LiveScience
Humans have benefited greatly through active management of Earth's carrying capacity. An enormously greater number of Earth's species have not fared as well, having been made extinct as a consequence of ecological changes associated with the use and management of the environment by humans. In general, any increase in the carrying capacity of the environment for one species will negatively affect other species.

Symptoms of environmental deterioration include the extinction crisis, decreased soil fertility, desertification, deforestation, fishery declines, pollution, and increased competition among nations for scarce resources. Many scientists believe that the sustainable limits of Earth's carrying capacity for humanity has already been exceeded.



The Holocene Extinction, sometimes called the Sixth Extinction, is a name used to describe the currently ongoing extinction event of species during the present Holocene epoch (since around 10,000 BCE) mainly due to human activity. The large number of extinctions span numerous families of plants and animals including mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and arthropods. Although 875 extinctions occurring between 1500 and 2009 have been documented, the vast majority are undocumented.




World Population Density

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Hoards of Pelagic Red Crabs attack Orange County - The Blob
Hordes of tuna crabs have again invaded stretches of the Orange County coastline. Lifeguards in Newport Beach said they've seen waves of the crabs washing ashore since Wednesday. On Friday morning, lifeguard battalion Chief Mike Halphide said he could look out the window near the Newport Pier and see hundreds of the tiny creatures — most, if not all, of them dead.
Pelagic red crabs are usually found off Baja California, but currents that are part of the El Nino weather pattern are sweeping them north. The 1-to 3-inch-long crabs have washed up for several years along the Orange County coastline.

Before that, they hadn't been seen in the area for decades.
The Blob was the name given to a large mass of warm water in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of North America. It was first detected in late 2013 and continued to spread throughout 2014 and 2015.

The warm waters of the Blob are nutrient poor and have adversely affected all marine life.

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Mass fish die off in Florida, Chile
Mass-mortality events are sudden, unusual crashes in a population. They fill the space between the regularity of background death rates and the flare of species burning out into extinction. If you think that you are hearing about them more often, you’re right.
Air pollution, runoff from fertilizers and septic tanks, higher temperatures, among other things, is helping fuel a large algal bloom in Florida's Space Coast region that has caused millions of fish to die. The brown tide algal bloom is not toxic. It kills the fish by depleting the amount of oxygen in the water.
An unusually warm mass of water in the Pacific Ocean known as The Blob has had close ties to much of the weather making news in North America.

Nothing this extraordinary has been seen before and it could be a precursor to what climate change will bring.
A massive algae bloom is responsible for the deaths of 23 million salmon in Chile. Temperatures are 2 to 4 degrees (Celsius) above average for this time of the year, there's a lot of sunlight, a lack of rain and very mild winds, all of which are conditions for the micro algae.

20 per cent of the country's annual production has been lost so far.

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